Liu Feng

Liu Feng (died 220 ) was an adopted son of the warlord Liu Bei, and served as a general in Liu Bei's army during the late han dynasty of China.

Early life

Born with the surname of Kou (寇), he was connected to the royal Liu family in Changsha by marriage. Liu Feng was adopted by Liu Bei while the latter was in the Jing province (荊州) as he had no son at the time. Liu Bei's eventual successor, his biological son Liu Shan, was born later.


Service under Liu Bei

Liu Feng was sent as reinforcements alongside Zhuge Liang and Zhang Fei when Liu Bei was fighting against Liu Zhang in Yi Province (covering the Sichuan Basin). He was in his 20s at this stage, and was described as being strong and possessing good martial skill. Upon the pacification of Shu, he was appointed Vice General of the Household (副軍中郎將).


In 219, Liu Feng was sent from the Mian River (沔水) (Han River) to oversee Meng Da, who Liu Bei did not fully trust, to capture Shangyong (上庸). Shen Dan (申耽), Administer of Shangyong, quickly surrendered. Liu Feng and Meng Da were tasked with guarding the region after the campaign. Later in the same year, Guan Yu, while fighting against Cao Cao's forces in the Battle of Fancheng, repeatedly requested troops from Liu Feng to help take the fortress. Liu refused those requests on the basis that their area had only been recently conquered, and hence troops could not be sent. Guan Yu's death at the hands of Sun Quan's forces and the loss of Jing Province afterwards resulted in Liu Bei resenting Liu Feng and Meng Da for their failure to send reinforcements.


At the same time, the two men also had a falling out, and Meng Da defected to the rival state of cao wei. The Wei emperor, Cao Pi, then ordered Meng Da to take Shangyong with Xu Huang and Xiahou Shang. Meng Da wrote Liu Feng a letter persuading him to surrender to Wei, warning him that his position was more tenuous now that Liu Bei had biological sons, and promising that the Wei government would give him the succession to the Kou family fief. However, Liu Feng turned down the offer. Liu's subordinate and younger brother of Shan Dan, Shen Yi (申儀), then betrayed Liu Feng and defeated him, forcing him to return to .


Death

In Chengdu, Liu Bei was angered at Liu Feng's part in Guan Yu's death and failure to prevent Meng Da's defection. At the same time, the advisor Zhuge Liang was concerned that Liu Feng might not obey the state after the heir Liu Shan takes the throne, and so suggested that Liu Feng should be gotten rid of. Liu Bei then forced him to commit suicide, before which Liu Feng sighed: "I regret not to have listened to Meng Ziqing (Meng Da)!" Liu Bei wept for him afterwards.

Last update 03-06-2012

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