Gubeikou Great Wall

Located along the Yanshan Mountain range in the northeast of Miyun County, south of the hill country of Panlong Mountain and Wohu Mountain, Gubeikou Great Wall occupies a strategically important location which is difficult to access. Situated between Shanhaiguan Pass and Juyongguan Pass, and about 100 kilometers (62 miles) to Beijing, it is the bastion protecting the northern gateway to the capital.

The first section of the wall was built during the Northern Qi Dynasty (550 - 557). Centuries later, General Xuda ordered to rebuild it in the early Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). The defensive capability of the wall was enhanced by adding more stones. When Qi Jiguang was appointed the chief commanding officer of Ji Garrison (one of the eleven garrisons in Ming Dynasty), he laid another line of brick wall beside the original one, thus forming the unique double-lined Wall.

Today the famous Gubeikou Great Wall stretches for more than 40 kilometers (25 miles). There are 14 beacon towers, 143 watch towers, 16 strategic pass, three citadels and many other military constructions. Many of them are famous cultural relics, such as the Big Flower Beacon Tower of the Northern Qi Dynasty, Fairy Tower, General Tower, and the dominant Wangjing Tower.

The Gubeikou Great Wall construction rates highly as an architectural achievement. The scenic highlights include Wohushan and Panlongshan.


'Wohu' means 'Crouching Tiger' in English, because the mountain looks like two tigers, one lying on its back while the other lies on its stomach. Located in the western section of the Gubeikou Great Wall, its highest peak measures about 665 meters (2,181 feet). A watch tower is erected every 150 meters (492 feet) of the wall, overlooking a deep valley or mounted on a strategically important hilltop. A professor from Beijing University compares the wall to a huge cursive script work with the watch towers providing the pausing or transitional strokes. It retains its fascination today as its raw condition is still evident.


West of Wohushan, it is located in the middle section of Gubeikou, where most of the historical wars took place. In ancient times, both warring parties placed emphasis on securing the Panlongshan Great Wall, because each knew that once the wall was captured, the Gubeikou Great Wall would be readily occupied. The whole wall measures about 13 kilometers (3.1 miles). Of its over 40 watch towers, the General Tower is the most famous. It is located at the commanding elevation of Panlongshan Mountain, from where wars were directed. There are four arrow windows on the north and south sides respectively, while each of the east and west sides has three arrow windows. This section is of unique construction: it is made up of earth , stone and brick walls. And it is also preserved in its original state.

Dining & Accommodation

Gubeikou Hexi Village

Chinese name: ?????? (G? B?i K?u Hé X? C?n)

Location: in the upper stream of Miyun reservoir, at the foot of Wohushan Great Wall and the bank of Chaohe River.

If you would like to experience the authentic peasant life, Hexi Village is a nice choice. The village has rich cultural heritage such as Luzu Temple (The Temple of Lu Dongbin, the Taoist immortal) and the tomb of Yang Qilang (a hero in Northern Song Dynasty (960 - 1127)). In recent years, the village has made great efforts to develop its tourism industry. The farmhouses in the village attract visitors with good food and accommodation, an elegant environment and considerate service. Each farmhouse can receive 10 to 20 guests. The dinner includes eight to ten peasant dishes. Visitors can play chess and cards, bonfire, mahjong, and fish in the village. The average cost per person per day is about CNY 60.

Gubeikou Town Folk Village

Chinese name: ????????? (G? B?i K?u Zhèn M?n S? Dù Jià C?n)

Located in Miyun County, this folk village has about 100 folk farmhouses. Visitors can taste the authentic village food and go picking in person. The local flavor dishes include pancakes and mixed grain vermicelli. Besides, the village is a multi-ethnic region where Han, Hui and Man nationalities live in. Visitors can make choices from their eating habits. The traditional cultural activities are held in the village such as dance yangko, running land boat dance, walk on stilts and riding. 

Surrounding scenic sights



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