jingnan (荆南) (also called Nanping (南平)) was one of the Ten Kingdoms in south-central China created in 924, marking the beginning of the five dynasties and ten kingdoms Period (907-960).


Gao Jichang, also known as Gao Jixing (高季興), was appointed the regional military governor of Jiangling in 907 by the later liang dynasty , which took over northern China in the wake of the tang dynasty. He declared the foundation of the Kingdom of jingnan (or Nanping) in 924 after the later liang dynasty fell to the later tang dynasty .

Territorial Extent

jingnan was the smallest of the longer-lived southern kingdoms. Its capital was Jiangling, and in addition to the capital, it held two neighboring districts on the Yangtze River southwest of present-day Wuhan. In addition to bordering the succession of five dynasties beginning with the later tang dynasty , it also shared borders with the Chu kingdom to the south, though that was replaced by the southern tang dynasty when it absorbed the kingdom in 951. It was also bordered by the later shu on the west after it was formed in 934.


jingnan was a small and weak state, and in many ways was vulnerable to its larger, more powerful neighbors. As such, the court placed great importance in maintaining proper relations with the succession of dynasties that ruled northern China. However, because of its location, jingnan was a central hub in trade, a feature that protected it from invasion.

Fall of the Kingdom

The song dynasty was formed in 960, ending the Five Dynasties period in the north, and though that is the date traditionally used to denote the end of the five dynasties and ten kingdoms Period, many kingdoms in the south maintained their independence for nearly two decades after the rise of the song dynasty. However, due to its size and location, jingnan was the first of the kingdoms to succumb to the song dynasty, surrendering when armies from the north invaded in 963, ending the kingdom.

Sovereigns in Period of five dynasties and ten kingdoms 907-960

Posthumous Names ( Shi Hao諡號 )

Personal Names

Period of Reigns

Wǔxìn Wáng (武信王)

Gāo Jìxīng|高季興

909- 928

Wénxiàn Wáng (文獻王)

Gāo Cónghùi|高從誨

928- 948

Zhēnyì Wáng (貞懿王)

Gāo Bǎoróng |高保融

948- 960

Did not exist

Gāo Bǎoxù |高保勗

960- 962

Did not exist

Gāo Jìchōng |高繼沖

962- 963

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