Liang Dynasty

The liang dynasty (Chinese: 梁朝; pinyin: Liáng cháo) (502-557), also known as the Southern liang dynasty (南梁), was the third of the Southern dynasties during China's southern and northern dynasties period. It was followed by the chen dynasty. The Western liang dynasty (西梁), with its capital established at Jiangling in 555 by Emperor Xuan, a grandson of Liang's founder Emperor Wu, claimed to be the legitimate successor of the Liang Dynasty it was subservient to the successive western wei Dynasty, Northern zhou dynasty, and sui dynasty, and was abolished by Emperor Wen of Sui in 587.


During the liang dynasty, in 547 a Persian embassy paid tribute to the Liang, amber was recorded as originating from Persia by the Liang Shu (Liang Book)

The ending date for liang dynasty itself is a matter of controversy among historians. Many historians consider the end of Emperor Jing's reign in 556, when he was forced to yield the throne to Chen Baxian, who established chen dynasty, to be Liang's end date. Others regard the abolition of Western Liang in 587 to be the true end of Liang.

Artistic heritage

Tombs of a number of members of the ruling Xiao family, with their sculptural ensembles, in various states of preservation, are located near Nanjing. The best surviving example of the liang dynasty's monumental statuary is perhaps the ensemble of the Tomb of Xiao Xiu (475–518), a brother of Emperor Wu, located in Qixia District east of Nanjing.

Posthumous Name

Family nameand given names

Period of Reigns

Era namesand their according range of years

Convention: Liang + posthumous name

Emperor Wu of Liang - Wu Di(武帝 Wǔ Dì)

Xiao Yan (蕭衍 Xiāo Yǎn)


Tianjian (天監 tiān-jiān) 502-519

Putong (普通 pǔ-tōng) 520-527

Datong (大通 dà-tōng) 527-529

Zhongdatong (中大通 zhōng-dà-tōng) 529-534

Datong (大同 dà-tóng) 535-546

Zhongdatong (中大同 zhōng-dà-tóng) 546-547

Taiqing (太清 tài-qīng) 547-549

Emperor Jianwen of Liang - Jianwen Di(簡文帝 jiān wén dì)

Xiao Gang (蕭綱 xiāo gāng)


Dabao (大寶 dà bǎo) 550-551

Prince of Yuzhang - Yu Zhang Wang(豫章王 yù zhāng wáng)

蕭棟 xiāo dòng


Tianzheng (天正 tiān zhèng) 551-552

Emperor Yuan of Liang - Yuan Di(元帝 yuán dì)

蕭繹 xiāo yì


Chengsheng (承聖 chéng shèng) 552-555

Marquess of Zhenyang - Zhen Yang Hou(貞陽侯 zhēn yáng hóu)

蕭淵明 xiāo yuān míng


Tiancheng (天成 tiān chéng) 555

Emperor Jing of Liang - Jing Di(敬帝 jìng dì)

蕭方智 xiāo fāng zhì


Shaotai (紹泰 shào tài) 555-556

Taiping (太平 tài píng) 556-557

Temple Names ( Miao Hao廟號 miào hào)

Posthumous Names ( Shi Hao諡號 )

Personal Names

Period of Reigns

Era Names(Nián Hào 年號) and their relevant range of years

Convention: Xi Liang + posthumous name

Zhong Zong (中宗 zhōng zōng)

Xuan Di|宣帝 xuān dì

蕭詧 xiāo chá


Dading (大定 dà dìng) 555-562

Shi Zong (世宗 shì zōng)

Xiao Ming Di|孝明帝 xiào míng dì

蕭巋 xiāo kuī


Tianbao (天保 tiān bǎo) 562-585

Did not exist

Xiao Jing Di|孝靖帝 xiào jìng dì or Ju Gong|莒公 jǔ gōng

蕭琮 xiāo cóng


Guangyun (廣運 guǎng yùn) 562-585

Note: some historians consider Western Liang as a continuation of the liang dynasty since it was founded by Xiao Cha (Emperor Xuan), a grandson of Xiao Yan (Emperor Wu), the founder of the liang dynasty.

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