Emperor Chongzong of western xia

Emperor Xixia Chongzong of western xia (西夏崇宗) (1084–1139), or Li Qianshun (李乾順)1, was a Tangut emperor of western xia (one of the four kingdoms that made up China, along with song dynasty, Liao dynasty and Jin Empire) from 1086 until 11392. Where Chongzong is his temple name and Li Qianshun his living name, Shèngwéndì (聖文帝) is his posthumous name. His reign began at the age of three, when his father died. He remained under the regency of the Empress Madame Liang3 until she was poisoned in 1099 by a Liao envoy.

Li's reign included further sinification and removed the power of some significant Tangut clans, which had remained a powerful political force—appointing tribal leaders as kings, forcing them under his power and influence. His reign saw incursions by the surrounding Liao- and Song-ruled nations, and a series of military defeats from 1114. He established Confucianist-led administration for several political quarters including civil and military, centralising his power. Buddhism was prevalent during his reign, and the scriptures were translated to the Tangut language.

Era Names

Tiānyízhìpíng (天儀治平) 1086–1089

Tiānyòumín'ān (天祐民安) 1090–1097

Yǒng'ān (永安) 1098–1100

Zhēnguān (貞觀) 1101–1113

Yōngníng (雍寧) 1114–1118

Yuándé (元德) 1119–1127

Zhèngdé (正德) 1127–1134

Dàdé (大德) 1135–1139

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