Empress Zhang (Liu Shan, former)

Empress Zhang (died 237), personal name unknown, formally known as Empress Jing'ai (敬哀皇后; literally: "The Respectful and Lamentable Empress") was an empress of Shu Han during the three kingdoms period of Chinese history. She was the daughter of Zhang Fei and his wife Lady Xiahou, and the first wife of Liu Shan, the second emperor of Shu Han. She married Liu Shan in 221, after Liu Shan's father Liu Bei had declared himself the emperor of Han. As Liu Shan was the crown prince, she was given the title of crown princess. She lost her father later that year, as he was assassinated by one of his subordinates just as he was about to join Liu Bei on his campaign against Eastern Wu to avenge their sworn brother, Guan Yu. When Liu Bei died in 223, Liu Shan became emperor and created her empress.

Empress Zhang appeared to have had no children. She died in 237.

Last update 28-05-2012

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