Hooge (prince)

Hooge (1609 – 1648) was a Manchu prince of the qing dynasty and the eldest son of Hong Taiji. He was the first prince of the qing dynasty to hold the title of Prince Su of the First Rank (和碩肅親王; Manchu: Hošoi Fafungga Cin Wang), which became one of the "Iron-cap" princely lines of succession in the dynasty.

Hooge was born of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan as the eldest son of Hong Taiji, son of the qing dynasty's founder Nurhaci. His mother was Hong Taiji's consort Lady Ulanara.

Hooge participated in military campaigns against the Mongols, Koreans, and the ming dynasty. After Hong Taiji's death in 1643, Hooge and his uncle Dorgon fought over the succession to the throne. The situation was to Hooge's advantage because three of the Eight Banners previously under Hong Taiji's control had been passed on to him. On the other hand, Dorgon had the support of his brothers and two White banners. This meant that the remaining two Red banners controlled by Daišan and his son, as well as the Bordered Blue Banner under Chiurhala, were crucial to ensuring that Hooge could win the succession. After much dispute, Daišan started favouring Hooge, who ostensibly refused to take the throne. Hooge was actually waiting for others to urge him to take the throne, so that he could sit on it without projecting a power-hungry image of himself. Unfortunately for Hooge, Dorgon and his brothers gave way, so the conflict continued without a solution. The power struggle concluded with a compromise in order to avoid internal strife. Dorgon nominated Fulin, another son of Hong Taiji born to Consort Zhuang, to be the new ruler, so Fulin ascended to the throne as the Shunzhi Emperor.

Even after the Shunzhi Emperor came to power, there was still much friction between Hooge and Dorgon. According to popular belief, Hooge had conceived a scheme to seize the throne from Shunzhi, but he leaked out his plan to Dorgon's brother Dodo, who informed Dorgon about it. Dorgon then used this as an excuse to have Hooge arrested and thrown into prison. However historical records state that Hooge was imprisoned after the Qing government launched military campaigns against remnant rebel forces in western China, and he died during his incarceration. He was posthumously rehabilitated in 1650, two years after his death.

Personal information


Hong Taiji


Lady Ulanara, Hong Taiji's consort.


Primary spouse:

Lady Hadanara (哈達那拉氏), daughter of Worgudai (吳爾古代)

Lady Borjigit (博爾濟吉特氏)

Lady Nara (納喇氏)

Lady Shuolongwu (碩隆武氏)

Lady Ji'eryuedai (吉爾岳岱氏)

Secondary spouses

Lady Ningguta (寧古塔氏)

Lady Sirin-Gioro (西林覺羅氏)

Lady Sirin-Gioro (西林覺羅氏)

Lady Huang (黃氏)


Lady Guwalgiya (瓜爾佳氏)

Lady Niu (牛氏)

Lady Nara (那拉氏)

Lady Irgen-Gioro (伊爾根覺羅氏)

Lady Wang (王氏)


Qizheng'e (齊正額), Hooge's eldest son.

Gutai (固泰), Hooge's second son, granted the title of "General Who Assists the Nation" (輔國將軍) but later stripped off.

Wohena (握赫納), Hooge's third son, granted the title of "General Who Assists the Nation" (輔國將軍).

Fushou (富綬), Hooge's fourth son, born to Lady Hadanara, granted the title of "Prince Xianyi of the First Rank" (顯懿親王).

Meng'e (猛峨), Hooge's fifth son, granted the title of "Prince Wenliang of the Second Rank" (溫良郡王).

Xingbao (星保), Hooge's sixth son, served as a "First Class Guard" (頭等侍衛).

Shushu (舒書), Hooge's seventh son.

Succession of the Prince Su line

Hooge (1609 - 1648), Prince Suwu of the First Rank (肅武親王; r. 1636 - 1648)

Fushou (富綬; 1643 - 1669), Prince Xianque of the First Rank (顯慤親王; r. 1651 - 1669)

Danzhen (丹臻; 1665 - 1702), Prince Xianmi of the First Rank (顯密親王; r. 1670 - 1702)

Yanhuang (衍潢; 1690 - 1771), Prince Xianjin of the First Rank (顯謹親王; r. 1703 - 1771)

Yunzhu (蘊著; 1699 - 1778), Prince Suqin of the First Rank (肅勤親王; r. 1772 - 1778)

Yongxi (永錫; 1753 - 1821), Prince Sugong of the First Rank (肅恭親王; r. 1778 - 1821)

Jingmin (敬敏; 1773 - 1852), Prince Sushen of the First Rank (肅慎親王; r. 1821 - 1852)

Huafeng (華豐; 1804 - 1869), Prince Suke of the First Rank (肅恪親王; r. 1853 - 1869)

Longqin (隆懃; 1840 - 1898), Prince Suliang of the First Rank (肅良親王; r. 1870 - 1898)

Shanqi (善耆; 1866 - 1922), Prince Suzhong of the First Rank (肅忠親王; r. 1898 - 1922)

Xianzhang (憲章; 1885 - 1947), Prince Su of the First Rank (肅親王; r. 1922 - 1947)

Liansui (連綏; b. 1910)

Qingrui (清瑞; b. 1934)

Last update 04-06-2012

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