Lady Wu (Wusu)

Lady Wu (吳夫人, personal name unknown) (858-919), formally Lady Zhuangmu of wuyue (吳越莊穆夫人), was the wife of Qian Liu (King Wusu), the first king of the Chinese state wuyue of the five dynasties and ten kingdoms period.

Background

Lady Wu was born in 858, during the reign of Emperor Xuānzong. Her family was from Anguo (安國, in modern Hangzhou, Zhejiang ). Her father was one Wu Zhongxin (吳仲忻), who had served on the staff of a governor (觀察使, Guanchashi) of Zhexi Circuit (浙西, then-headquartered in modern Zhenjiang, Jiangsu ).


Marriage to Qian Liu

It is not known exactly when Lady Wu married Qian Liu — but it must be before his rise to prominence, because it was said that at that time, the people in Wu Zhongxin's household opposed the marriage proposal from Qian on the basis that he did not care for property management. Wu Zhongxin's older brother, however, believed in Qian's talent and agreed to the marriage proposal. It was said that after they became married, Lady Wu organized the household well and was filially pious to his parents. As Qian had an impatient and harsh disposition, she often tried to moderate his temper by her tender advice. She bore 13 of Qian's 38 sons, although the only son that was clearly known to be born by her was his third son Qian Chuanying (錢傳瑛), and his eventual successor Qian Yuanguan was not her son but that of his concubine Lady Chen. However, she was said to be loving to all of his sons, including the ones that she did not bear. For example, when Qian Yuanguan was forced by circumstances to serve as a hostage from Qian Liu to Tian Jun the military governor of Ningguo Circuit (寧國, headquartered in modern Xuancheng , Anhui ) in 902, she wept bitterly and worried about the dangers that Qian Yuanguan would be in.


Through Qian Liu's career, initially as a vassal of tang dynasty and later as a vassal of Tang's succeeding dynasty later liang dynasty, Lady Wu also received increasingly honorable titles — Lady of Yan, then Lady of Jin, and finally Lady Zhengde of wuyue. She often visited Fengguo Temple (奉國寺), and Qian put aside silk for her to be able to donate to monks. However, she pointed out that this was a high expenditure that the state could not afford, and declined it on that basis. She was also accustomed to visit Qian's hometown Yijin Base (衣錦軍, in modern Hangzhou) every spring.


Lady Wu died in 919, while Qian Liu was still reigning (and serving as a vassal of the later liang dynasty emperor Zhu Zhen). She was given the posthumous name of Zhuangmu ("victorious and solemn").


Last update 18-06-2012

Site Search

News

Random Articals


Join Our Newsletter

 

Subscribe

Unsubscribe

Send This Page to Friend

To Email this page to a friend

1. Use Your Default Email Client
2. Use Our Recommend Page

Online Contact

nouahsark@hotmail.com

nouahsark@yahoo.com

nouahsark

1438084734

If you like this article please feel free to share it to your favorite site listed below:

Choose A Style:

Font Family

Font Colors
black Blue Green Purple Red Default
Font Size

Site Options Help


control panel