Somalia

Capital:

Mogadishu

Population:

10,085,638

Official Languages:

Somali Arabic

Time Zone:

+3

Dialing Code:

+252

 

Government:

Federal parliamentary republic

Area:

637,657 km2

largest city:

Mogadishu

Currency :

Somali shilling

ISO 3166 code:

SO

Somalia Flag

Basic Info

Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on the continent, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Hot conditions prevail year-round, along with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall


Somalia Location in World Map

Geography

Somalia is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Kenya to the southwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Ethiopia to the west. It lies between latitudes 2°S and 12°N, and longitudes 41° and 52°E.


Climate

Due to Somalia's proximity to the equator, there is not much seasonal variation in its climate. Hot conditions prevail year-round along with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall. Mean daily maximum temperatures range from 30 to 40 °C (86 to 104 °F), except at higher elevations along the eastern seaboard, where the effects of a cold offshore current can be felt. In Mogadishu, for instance, average afternoon highs range from 28 °C (82 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F) in April.


Some of the highest mean annual temperatures in the world have been recorded in the country; Berbera on the northwestern coast has an afternoon high that averages more than 38 °C (100 °F) from June through September. Nationally, mean daily minimums usually vary from about 15 to 30 °C (59 to 86 °F). The greatest range in climate occurs in northern Somalia, where temperatures sometimes surpass 45 °C (113 °F) in July on the littoral plains and drop below the freezing point during December in the highlands. In this region, relative humidity ranges from about 40% in the mid-afternoon to 85% at night, changing somewhat according to the season


Religion

Most Somalis are muslims, the majority belonging to the Sunni branch of islam and the Shafi'i school of Islamic jurisprudence, although some are adherents of the Shia muslim denomination. Sufism, the mystical dimension of islam, is also well-established, with many local jama'a (zawiya) or congregations of the various tariiqa or Sufi orders. The constitution of Somalia likewise defines islam as the state religion of the Federal Republic of Somalia, and Islamic sharia as the basic source for national legislation. It also stipulates that no law that is inconsistent with the basic tenets of Shari'a can be enacted.


Administrative divisions

Somalia is officially divided into eighteen regions (gobollada, singular gobol), which in turn are subdivided into districts. The regions are:


1

Jubbada Hoose

2

Jubbada Dhexe

3

Gedo

4

Bay

5

Bakool

6

Shabeellaha Hoose

7

Banaadir

8

Shabeellaha Dhexe

9

Hiiraan

Somalia Administrative divisions Map

See Other Map

10

Galguduud

11

Mudug

12

Nugaal

13

Bari

14

Sool

15

Sanaag

16

Togdheer

17

Woqooyi Galbeed

18

Awdal

Site Search


News

Random Articals


Weather

Join Our Newsletter

Subscribe

Unsubscribe

Send This Page to Friend

To Email this page to a friend

1. Use Your Default Email Client
2. Use Our Recommend Page

Online Contact

nouahsark

1438084734

+ 86 158 00 323 707

+ 86 158 00 323 707

nouahsark@hotmail.com

Go back to the previous page

Report
Missing / Incorrect
Information

If you like this article please feel free to share it to your favorite site listed below:

Choose A Style:

Font Family

Arial

Courier New

Sans MS

New Roman

Verdana

Default


Font Colors
black blue green purple red white
Font Size
Site Options Help | Admin Login
control panel