fiji

Capital:

Suva

Population:

849,000

Official Languages:

English, Fijian, Fiji Hindi

Time zone:

+12 / Summer +13

Dialing Code:

+679

 

Government:

Parliamentary republic

Area:

18,274 km2

largest city:

Suva

Currency :

Fijian dollar (FJD)

ISO 3166 code:

FJ

fiji Flag

Basic Info

Fiji, is an island nation in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) northeast of New Zealand's North Island. Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, France's New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas, France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast and Tuvalu to the north.


fiji Location in World Map

Geography

Fiji covers a total area of some 194,000 square kilometres (75,000 sq mi) of which around 10% is land.


Fiji is the hub of the South West Pacific, midway between Vanuatu and the Kingdom of Tonga. The archipelago is located between 176° 53′ east and 178° 12′ west. The 180° meridian runs through Taveuni but the International Date Line is bent to give uniform time (UTC+12) to all of the Fiji group. With the exception of Rotuma, the Fiji group lies between 15° 42′ and 20° 02′ south. Rotuma is located 220 nautical miles (410 km; 250 mi) north of the group, 360 nautical miles (670 km; 410 mi) from Suva, 12° 30′ south of the equator.


Climate

The climate in Fiji is tropical marine and warm most of the year round with minimal extremes. The warm season is from November till April and the cooler season May to October. Temperature in the cool season still averages 22 °C (72 °F). Rainfall is variable, the warmer season experiences heavier rainfall, especially inland. Winds are moderate, though cyclones occur about once a year (10–12 times per decade).


Religion

Indigenous Fijians are mostly Christian (40% at the 1996 census), and the Indo-Fijians are mostly Hindu or muslim although a small minority are also Christian. Breakdown per the CIA world factbook: Christian 64.5% (Methodist 34.6%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh-day Adventist 3.9%, Anglican 0.8%, other 10.4%), Hindu 27.9%, muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other or unspecified 0.3%, none 0.7% (2007 census).


Administrative divisions

Fiji is divided into Four Major Divisions: Central, Eastern, Northern and Western. see the Map


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