ecuador

Capital:

Quito

Population:

15,223,680

Official Languages:

Spanish

Time Zone:

−5 to −6

Dialing Code:

+593

 

Government:

Unitary presidential

Area:

258,238a km2

Largest city:

Guayaquil

Currency :

United States dollar

ISO 3166 code:

EC

ecuador Flag

Basic Info

Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.


ecuador Location in World Map

Geography

Ecuador has a total area of 283,560 km2 (109,483 sq mi), including the Galápagos Islands. Of this, 276,840 km2 (106,889 sq mi) is land and 6,720 km2 (2,595 sq mi) water. Ecuador is one of the smaller countries in South America.


Ecuador lies between latitudes 2°N and 5°S, and longitudes 75° and 92°W.


Climate

There is great variety in the climate, largely determined by altitude. It is mild year-round in the mountain valleys; humid subtropical climate in coastal areas and rainforest in lowlands. The Pacific coastal area has a tropical climate, with a severe rainy season. The climate in the Andean highlands is temperate and relatively dry; and the Amazon basin on the eastern side of the mountains shares the climate of other rain forest zones.


Because of its location at the equator, Ecuador experiences little variation in daylight hours during the course of a year. Both sunrise and sunset occur each day at the two six o'clock hours.


Religion

According to the Ecuadorian National Institute of Statistics and Census, 91.95% of the country's population have a religion, 7.94% are atheists and 0.11% are agnostics. Among the people that have a religion, 80.44% are Roman Catholic (see List of Roman Catholic dioceses in Ecuador), 11.30% are Protestants, 1.29% are Jehovah's Witnesses and 6.97% other (mainly Jewish, Buddhists and Mormons).


Administrative divisions

Ecuador is divided into 24 provinces (Spanish: provincias), each with its own administrative capital:

Province

Capital

Map

1

Azuay

Cuenca

Ecuador Administrative divisions

See Other Map


2

Bolivar

Guaranda

3

Cañar

Azogues

4

Carchi

Tulcan

5

Chimborazo

Riobamba

6

Cotopaxi

Latacunga

7

El Oro

Machala

8

Esmeraldas

Esmeraldas

9

Galápagos

Puerto Baquerizo
Moreno

10

Guayas

Guayaquil

11

Imbabura

Ibarra

12

Loja

Loja

13

Los Rios

Babahoyo

14

Manabi

Portoviejo

15

Morona Santiago

Macas

16

Napo

Tena

17

Orellana

Puerto Francisco de Orellana

18

Pastaza

Puyo

19

Pichincha

Quito

20

Santa Elena

Santa Elena

21

Santo Domingo
de los
Tsachilas

Santo Domingo

22

Sucumbios

Nueva Loja

23

Tungurahua

Ambato

24

Zamora
Chinchipe

Zamora

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